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Top Coal Caving Longwall underground COAL

A brief description of longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is included at the end of the Longwall section of the Fundamentals of Coal Mining module of this web site. Despite the fact that there are numerous coal seams in Australia which are thick enough for LTCC to be used to increase recoveries, potentially at a reduced cost/tonne, there has been

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Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) technology Yancoal

Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) technology. Yancoal introduced the Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) mining technology to Australia at its Austar mine in 2006. Developed in China, top coal caving uses a modified long wall mining system. LTCC allows the excavation of thick coal

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Longwall Top Coal Caving Introduction underground

Longwall Top Coal Caving. Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is a special type of longwall mining applicable to very thick seams (greater than 4.5m) where good quality coal is being left because "conventional" longwall equipment has not yet been designed to operate successfully beyond around 5m

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Geotechnical Considerations for Longwall Top Coal

2020-10-13  Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) is an enhanced form of the conventional longwall recovery system, whereby a rear Armoured Face Conveyor (AFC) (refer to Figure 3) is utilised to extract coal from behind the powered supports that would otherwise be left unrecovered in thick seam environments. The major

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Longwall Top Coal Caving Mechanisms in the Fractured

In this study, the finite difference method (FDM) coupled with a discrete fracture network (DFN) was utilized to analyze longwall top coal caving (LTCC) behaviors. The integrated FDM–DFN model enabled the influence of the preexisting fracture,

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A new cavability assessment criterion for Longwall Top

2010-12-1  Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) is a modified longwall mining method for efficient extraction of the thick coal seams. The major difference between LTCC and the traditional longwall method is the extraction of the caved coal from behind the shields as well as the sheared face ().The method has been widely implemented by the Chinese coal industry with numerous modifications and

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A review of cavability evaluation in longwall top coal caving

2017-11-1  Longwall Top Coal Caving was initially developed in the former Soviet Union and France in the 1950s and 1960s. It was then applied in the former Yugoslavia, Hungary, Romania, the former Czechoslovakia and Turkey,, .The ‘Soutirage’ method which was developed in France in the 1960s is considered as the original form of LTCC .The system includes a conventional longwall face operating

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Application of Longwall Top Coal Caving in Challenging

2020-1-8  Abstract-Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) techniques has been employed in favourable geological conditions widely in China since the mid-80s and in Australia recently. With the improvement of highly-powered face equipment and the method itself, in the past 15 years, LTCC was introduced to more challenging geological

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Drawing mechanisms for top coal in longwall top coal

2021-7-21  Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is a special type of mining method commonly used to extract coal seams thicker than 4.5 m (Wang et al. 2018a).This method originated in France and Eastern Europe in the 1950s for extracting coal

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Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) Mining Technology

Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) is a special designed longwall mining method for very thick seams (thickness is more than 4.5m) where good quality coal is being left because "conventional" longwall equipment has not yet been designed to operate successfully beyond around 5m mining height.

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Longwall Top Coal Caving,Top Coal Caving,Top Coal

Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) is a special designed longwall mining method for very thick seams (thickness is more than 4.5m) where good quality coal is being left because "conventional" longwall equipment has not yet been designed to operate successfully beyond around 5m mining height.

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Energies Free Full-Text Longwall Top-Coal Caving

Longwall top-coal caving mechanisms and cavability optimization with hydraulic fracturing are analysed in this study. Based on the geological and geotechnical conditions of the Dongzhouyao coal mine, it is revealed that top-coal failure mechanisms are dominated by both compressive and tensile stresses. Ahead of the face line, shear failure initiates at the lower level of the top-coal and

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Longwall Top Coal Caving Introduction underground

Longwall Top Coal Caving. Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is a special type of longwall mining applicable to very thick seams (greater than 4.5m) where good quality coal is being left because "conventional" longwall equipment has not yet been designed to operate successfully beyond around 5m

get price

Longwall Top Coal Caving Mechanisms in the Fractured

In this study, the finite difference method (FDM) coupled with a discrete fracture network (DFN) was utilized to analyze longwall top coal caving (LTCC) behaviors. The integrated FDM–DFN model enabled the influence of the preexisting fracture,

get price

Mining Safety of Longwall Top-coal Caving in China

2020-11-4  2Zhangji Coal Mine, Xuzhou Mining Bureau, Xuzhou 221147, Jiangsu Province, P.R of China ABSTRACT Longwall top-coal caving technology has developed rapidly in China, in recent years. The application of longwall top-coal caving can double both the productivity and the efficiency of a working face and reduce the cost of production by 30 to 40o/o.

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Long wall top coal caving SlideShare

2017-11-15  LONGWALL TOP COAL CAVING GENERAL INFORMATION • It is the modified method of longwall mining system • Yancoal introduced the Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) mining technology in Australia at its Austar mine in 2006. • This

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Drawing mechanisms for top coal in longwall top coal

2021-7-21  Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is a special type of mining method commonly used to extract coal seams thicker than 4.5 m (Wang et al. 2018a).This method originated in France and Eastern Europe in the 1950s for extracting coal pillars from

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Numerical simulation of realistic top coal caving

2021-6-24  Top coal caving mining technology started in the 1980s and continues to this day 1,2.Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) mining consists of two processes: shearer cutting in front of a

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Effect of Key Parameters on Top Coal First Caving and

The first caving of top coal and the first weighting of roof strata in Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) mining were analyzed in a parametric study by using a discontinuum modeling technique with plastic rock material. The analysis demonstrated that an increase in the value of cover depth decreases the stability of main roof strata, while the

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Viewpoint Mining Magazine Longwall Top-Coal Caving

The Longwall Top-Coal Caving (LTCC) method makes use of a second conveyor and the natural force of gravity to recover coal above the shearer’s recommended height once the face has advanced. According to Dr. Sebastian Mundry, a Caterpillar Inc. longwall automation manager, LTCC eliminates all the problems commonly associated with high-seam

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Top Coal Caving Longwall underground COAL

A brief description of longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is included at the end of the Longwall section of the Fundamentals of Coal Mining module of this web site. Despite the fact that there are numerous coal seams in Australia which are thick enough for LTCC to be used to increase recoveries, potentially at a reduced cost/tonne, there has been

get price

Longwall Top Coal Caving Introduction underground

Longwall Top Coal Caving. Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is a special type of longwall mining applicable to very thick seams (greater than 4.5m) where good quality coal is being left because "conventional" longwall equipment has not yet been designed to operate successfully beyond around 5m

get price

Geotechnical Considerations for Longwall Top Coal

2020-10-13  Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) is an enhanced form of the conventional longwall recovery system, whereby a rear Armoured Face Conveyor (AFC) (refer to Figure 3) is utilised to extract coal from behind the powered supports that would otherwise be left unrecovered in thick seam environments. The major

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Longwall top coal caving design for thick coal seam in

2021-2-1  The amount of coal for the production panel must be high enough to cover the initial investment of the mechanized longwall system. Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is a part of longwall mining that is applicable for thick coal seams. China is an important country, which has best

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Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) technology Yancoal

Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) technology. Yancoal introduced the Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) mining technology to Australia at its Austar mine in 2006. Developed in China, top coal caving uses a modified long wall mining system. LTCC allows the excavation of thick coal seams of 5 to 12 metres at one pass of the longwall

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Mining Safety of Longwall Top-coal Caving in China

2020-11-4  2020-11-4  2Zhangji Coal Mine, Xuzhou Mining Bureau, Xuzhou 221147, Jiangsu Province, P.R of China ABSTRACT Longwall top-coal caving technology has developed rapidly in China, in recent years. The application of longwall top-coal caving can double both the productivity and the efficiency of a working face and reduce the cost of production by 30 to 40o/o.

get price

Application of Longwall Top Coal Caving in Challenging

2020-1-8  Abstract-Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) techniques has been employed in favourable geological conditions widely in China since the mid-80s and in Australia recently. With the improvement of highly-powered face equipment and the method itself, in the past 15 years, LTCC was introduced to more challenging geological

get price

Stress analysis of longwall top coal caving ScienceDirect

2010-1-1  Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is a relatively new method of mining thick coal seams that is currently achieving high productivity and efficiency in application, particularly in China. The technique is similar to traditional longwall mining in that a cutting head slices coal from the lower section of the coal seam onto a conveyor belt

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A new cavability assessment criterion for Longwall Top

2010-12-1  Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) is a modified longwall mining method for efficient extraction of the thick coal seams. The major difference between LTCC and the traditional longwall method is the extraction of the caved coal from behind the shields as well as the sheared face ().The method has been widely implemented by the Chinese coal industry with numerous modifications and

get price